By CROSBY BURNS
As LGBT activists cheered the demise of Arizona‚Äôs controversial ‚Äúlicense to discriminate‚ÄĚ bill, one thing seemed lost on the media, in progressive circles and among most Americans: Even with Gov. Jan Brewer‚Äôs (R) veto, businesses in a majority of Arizona cities still have the legal right to discriminate against LGBT people.
If passed, SB 1062 would have afforded business owners the right to refuse service to patrons that identify as LGBT based on those owners‚Äô religious beliefs. In this respect, SB 1062 is part of a broader pattern of dangerous ‚Äúreligious freedom‚ÄĚ bills being proposed throughout conservative statehouses in the United States. In this respect, the defeat of SB 1062 is something to celebrate, as anti-gay legislators in other states will think twice before introducing similar legislation that sanctions LGBT discrimination behind the guise of ‚Äúreligious freedom.‚ÄĚ
However, most activists are celebrating last week‚Äôs veto as if SB 1062 would have stripped all Arizonans of nondiscrimination protections they currently enjoy under state law. This is far from the truth.
Looking broadly, federal law affords no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of either sexual orientation or gender identity. While an alarming nine out of 10 Americans believe laws like the Employment Non-Discrimination Act already exist, the cold hard truth is that under the law of the land in the United States, it‚Äôs perfectly legal to deny someone employment, refuse someone service, or kick someone out of their apartment simply because they are LGBT.
Where federal policymakers have failed to enact comprehensive LGBT nondiscrimination legislation, a number of states have filled the void with nondiscrimination laws that provide LGBT people protection in employment, housing and public accommodations. However, fewer than half have done so. Or put another way, in a majority of states‚ÄĒstates like Arizona‚ÄĒLGBT people have no protections against discrimination under state or federal law.
It‚Äôs true that in Arizona, the cities of Phoenix, Scottsdale, Tempe, Tucson and Gilbert have municipal ordinances that afford their LGB citizens some protections against discrimination (Phoenix, Tucson, and Tempe also afford protections to transgender citizens). Signing SB 1062 into law would have invalidated these city‚Äôs ordinances, which according to U.S. Census data account for 2.6 million people, or 40 percent of Arizona‚Äôs total population. In that respect, the defeat of the bill was certainly a huge victory in maintaining these important protections.
However, the bill‚Äôs defeat legally changes nothing for LGBT people living in the remaining cities accounting for 60 percent of Arizona‚Äôs population. If SB 1062 had been passed into law, businesses could legally turn away LGBT customers. But even today without SB 1062, businesses can still turn away LGBT customers in the 86 Arizona municipalities that do not have any LGBT protections on the books. Nevertheless, this fact seems lost in the media and among LGBT activists.
There is a lot to celebrate with SB 1062‚Äôs veto. The massive opposition to this bill is one more indicator of the huge cultural shift we have made as a country, a shift away from bigotry and toward fairness and inclusion of LGBT people in our society. Moreover, the groundswell of opposition to the bill included Arizona‚Äôs two Republican senators, Fortune 500 companies, and even many of the Arizona state legislators that voted for the bill in the first place.
In this respect, the defeat of this bill is a significant symbolic victory for the LGBT movement. And as mentioned earlier, it‚Äôs a significant legal victory for LGBT Arizonans living in cities like Phoenix where they are afforded some protections against discrimination.
And yet despite these victories, the controversy that was SB 1062 was a missed opportunity. It was a missed opportunity to have an important conversation about the lack of legal protections afforded to LGBT Americans in this country. While marriage equality is on the march both in the courts and in the statehouses, legislation outlawing discrimination against LGBT people has stalled. To change that, we need to acknowledge that those laws don‚Äôt even exist in the first place.
So yes, in many ways the veto was something to celebrate. But while LGBT Americans today celebrate the defeat of anti-gay bills such as SB 1062, they also await the passage of state and federal laws that would positively provide them the protections they deserve but currently lack. This means, for example, Congress finally passing comprehensive protections for LGBT Americans such that all people are protected against discrimination, regardless of the state where they reside. Now, that would be something to celebrate.
Crosby Burns is a candidate for a master‚Äôs degree in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He is the managing editor of the LGBTQ Policy Journal at the Kennedy School.